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Creating workflow activities

Creating and using Order workflows

Creating and using a workflow consists of several steps:

  1. Creating an activity
  2. Creating a workflow and configuring it’s settings
  3. Registering the workflow
  4. Calling the workflow through services

Creating an activity

  1. Create a new project for activities. Steps to be taken are described in “To create the activity library project” paragraph in tutorial.
  2. Add a reference to VirtoCommerce.OrderWorkflowActivities.dll library.
  3. Create activity code class. Add a new class, declare it public and derive it from OrderActivityBase class from namespace VirtoCommerce.OrderWorkflow. The base class has the
    protectedВ OrderGroupВ CurrentOrderGroupВ {В get;В set;В }
    property, which should be used for activity actions. All changes are saved to this property and returned back from activity.
  4. Implement activity logic by overriding theВ ExecuteВ method.
  5. Repeat steps 3-4 for every individual activity needed.

Creating a workflow and configuring it’s settings

The new activity can be added to an existing workflow or a new workflow can be created.

  1. Create a new project for workflows. Steps to be taken are described in “To create the activity library project” paragraph in tutorial.
  2. Create a workflow. Steps to be taken are described in “To create the workflow” paragraph in tutorial.
  3. Open workflow designer. Double-clickВ workflow xamlВ file inВ Solution ExplorerВ to display the workflow in the designer, if it is not already displayed.
  4. Fill arguments for a workflow. Required argument data is:
Name Direction Argument type
OrderGroupArgument In OrderGroup
ResultArgument In/Out WorkflowResult

How to: Use the Argument Designer:

After filling the arguments in the Argument Designer, they should look like this:

  1. Activities to a workflow are added using a Toolbox. Adding your custom activities to the Toolbox: Open the Toolbox window, if it is not already displayed. Next steps to be taken are described in “To add an activity to the Toolbox from an assembly” paragraph in tutorial.
  2. Drag and drop a SequenceВ activity from theВ Control Flow section of theВ ToolboxВ onto theВ workflow designer pane.
  3. Drag your activity from theВ ToolboxВ and drop it onto theВ SequenceВ activity.
  4. Setting activity properties. Select the activity just added to the Sequence and open properties dialog from context menu:

Set OrderGroupArgument and ResultArgument values: “OrderGroupArgument” and “ResultArgument” respectively:

  1. Build current project.

Registering the workflow


  1. Add the following section underВ VirtoCommerceВ sectionGroup to web.config or app.config file:
    <sectionGroup name="VirtoCommerce">
    <sectionВ name="Workflow"В type="VirtoCommerce.Foundation.Frameworks.Workflow.WorkflowConfiguration, VirtoCommerce.Foundation" />
  2. Add the following configuration of workflows underВ VirtoCommerce:
        <activityProviderВ defaultProvider="ResourceActivityProvider">
            <addВ name="ResourceActivityProvider"В type="VirtoCommerce.Foundation.Frameworks.Workflow.Providers.ResourceWorkflowActivityProvider, VirtoCommerce.Foundation"В />
          <addВ name="ShoppingCartValidateWorkflow"В type="VirtoCommerce.OrderWorkflow.ShoppingCartValidateWorkflow, VirtoCommerce.OrderWorkflow"/>
          <addВ name="ShoppingCartPrepareWorkflow"В type="VirtoCommerce.OrderWorkflow.ShoppingCartPrepareWorkflow, VirtoCommerce.OrderWorkflow"/>
          <addВ name="ShoppingCartCheckoutWorkflow"В type="VirtoCommerce.OrderWorkflow.ShoppingCartCheckoutWorkflow, VirtoCommerce.OrderWorkflow"/>
          <addВ name="OrderRecalculateWorkflow"В type="VirtoCommerce.OrderWorkflow.OrderRecalculateWorkflow, VirtoCommerce.OrderWorkflow"/>
          <addВ name="CalculateReturnTotalsWorkflow"В type="VirtoCommerce.OrderWorkflow.CalculateReturnTotalsWorkflow, VirtoCommerce.OrderWorkflow"/>
      </В WorkflowВ >
  3. Call workflow using the name used in configuration.В В For example to call order workflow useOrderService.ExecuteWorkflow(string workflowName,В OrderGroupВ orderGroup); method.В В (ex.:_orderService.ExecuteWorkflow("CalculateReturnTotalsWorkflow", order); )

Activity provider

Default activity provider is using reflection to load workflow activity by name. First it initializes by reading avaiableWorkflows config and creates dictionary mapping for workflow name and full type name. Then provider loads type, creates instance and returns it by casting to System.Activities.Activity. If type cannot be loaded provider will throwВ TypeLoadExeption.

Available workflows

This configuration line defines mapping between full type name and internal name used to call workflows. When calling workflow by name it is important that name in configuration matches called workflow name.

Calling the workflow through services

IOrderService.ExecuteWorkflow method is used for executing workflows remotely. Typical code:

varВ orderServiceВ =В ServiceLocator.Current.GetInstance<IOrderService>();
varВ resultВ =В orderService.ExecuteWorkflow(WorkflowName,В InnerItem);

where variables WorkflowName is a workflow name configured in “Registering the workflow” step and InnerItem is an OrderGroup.

Last update: June 18, 2020